1. The basic functions of a computer are to accept ______, process data, store data, and produce output.
1. A computer processes data in the _________ processing unit.
2. The idea of a(n) ___________ program means that instructions for a computing task can be loaded into a computer’s memory.
3. The ____________ unit is the case that holds the main circuit boards, microprocessor, power supply, and storage devices for a personal computer system.
4. A device that is an integral part of a computer but that can be added to a computer is called a(n) _________ device.
5. Executable files usually have a(n) ________ extension.
Exe ~ .exe
6. A(n) _________ system is the software that acts as the master controller for all of the activities that take place within a computer system.
7. The main routes of the Internet are referred to as the Internet _________.
8. Communication between all of the different devices on the Internet is made possible by ______ /IP.
9. Most of the “stuff” that’s accessible on the Internet is stored on _________that are maintained by various businesses and organizations.
10. A dial-up connection requires a device called a(n) ___________ band modem.
11. To use a cable Internet connection you need a cable modem and a(n) _________.
12. A cable modem provides an always- _______ connection to the Internet.
13. The process of entering a user ID and password is referred to as _______.
logging in ~ logging on
14. Every Web page has a unique address called a(n)______.
URL ~ uniform resource locator
15. A browser assembles a Web page on your computer screen according to the specifications contained in the _____ tags.
16. Whenever you start your browser, it displays your _______ page.
17. A(n) ______ fetches and displays Web pages.
18. Store-and-forward technology stores messages on an e-mail ________ until they are forwarded to an individual’s computer.
19. For many e-mail systems, a(n) ______ server handles incoming mail, and a(n) ______ server handles outgoing mail.
Fill in the best answer
1. Data on an optical storage medium is stored as ______ and lands.
2. ___________ time is the average time that it takes a computer to locate data on a storage medium and read it.
3. A computer can move directly to any file on a(n) __________ access device, but must start at the beginning and read through all of the data on a(n) _____________ access device.
random, sequential ~ direct, sequential
4. Higher disk _________provides increased storage capacity.
5. “HD DS” means _______________.
6. EIDE, Ultra ATA, and SCSI refer to the type of _________ used by a hard disk drive.
7. CD-RW technology allows you to ______ data on a disk, then change that data.
Record ~ write
8. Movie files are much too large to fit on a DVD unless they are compressed, using a special type of data coding called _______.
MPEG ~ MPEG-2
9. The _______ bus carries data from RAM to peripheral devices.
10. AGP, PCI, and ISA are types of expansion _________, which are part of a personal computer’s motherboard.
11. Many peripheral devices come packaged with device ________software.
12. A scanner is a type of ______ device.
input ~ peripheral
13. Most people set their monitors to a(n) _________of 640 X 480, 800 X 600, or 1024 X 768.
14. The number of colors that a monitor can display is referred to as bit ________.
15. The advantages of an LCD monitor include display clarity, low radiation emission, portability, and ___________.
16. The most popular printers for personal computers are______, which are inexpensive and produce good quality color printouts.
17. Today’s PCs include a feature called Plug and ________ that automatically takes care of technical details for installing peripheral devices.
18. A ________key such as the [Ctrl] key is used in conjunction with other keys to expand the abilities of each key.
19. Track points and touchpads are alternative ________ devices often found on notebook computers.
20. A read-write ________ is a mechanism in the disk drive that reads and writes the magnetized particles that represent data.