1. A communications ______ is the combination of hardware, software, and connecting links that transport data.
2. With one bit, you can convey two units of information; with ____ bits, you can convey four units; with ____ bits, you can convey eight units; with ____ bits you can convey 256 units.
two, three, eight ~ 2, 3, 8
3. ______ is the number of times that a wave oscillates.
4. The _________, or capacity, of a digital channel is usually measured in bps.
5. The ___________topology of a network refers to the layout of cables, devices, and connections; the _____ topology refers to the path of data over the network.
6. A technology called _____ switching divides messages into small parcels and handles them on a first come, first served basis.
7. _________ is one of the most widely used network technologies, and it uses a protocol called CSMA/CD to deal with collisions.
8. The communications protocol used by devices such as a CB radio called _______ duplex, makes it possible to send and receive data, but not at the same time.
9. Protocols help two network devices negotiate and establish communications through a process called ________.
10. When you use a dial-up connection, your ISP gives you a temporary address, called a(n) _______ IP address, for use as long as you remain connected.
11. The database that keeps track of the names that correspond to IP addresses is called the _________name system.
12. In communications terminology, __________means changing the characteristics of a signal, whereas ____________ means changing a signal back to its original state.
13. Although the speed of a modem was once measured by _________ rate, today’s modem transmission speeds are measured in bps.
14. A software utility called _________sends a signal to a specific Internet address and waits for a reply.
Ping ~ Packet Internet Groper
15. DSL, ISDN, _________, and T3 connections provide digital service over the telephone system’s “local loop.”
16. DSS service uses a low-earth _______ to send television, voice, or computer data directly to a dish owned by an individual.
17. A(n) _________ network uses radio frequencies instead of cables to send data from one network node to another.
18. A(n) __________ is a low-power, wireless network designed for home use.
19. _______ technology is a standard for low-cost personal area network connections among mobile users that uses a globally available frequency range.
20. Single-user software might be installed on a LAN server, but would require a multi-user, concurrent-user, or ____________ license if more than one copy is to be used at a time.